2Al-Quds Open University, Gaza Branch, Department of Education,Gaza Strip, Gaza, Palestine
Antimony-doped tin oxide ATO thin films were prepared by dip coating method. The effect of antimony doping on the structural, electrical and optical properties of tin oxide thin films were investigated. Tin(II) chloride dehydrate (SnCl2•4H2O) and antimony(III) chloride (SbCl3) were used as a host and a dopant precursor. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the non-doped SnO2 thin film had a preferred (211) orientation, but as the Sb-doping concentration increased, a preferred (200) orientation was observed. The lowest resistivity (about 5.4 ×10-3 Ω.cm) was obtained for the 2 at.% Sb-doped films. Antimony-doping led to an increase in the carrier concentration and a decrease in Hall mobility. The transmittance of ATO films was observed to increase to 96% at 2 at. % Sb-doping, and then it was decreased for a higher level of antimony doping.